Ciego de Ávila, head city

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    Ciego de Ávila, known as the city of portals and the capital of Cuban locution, is a modern city, although in the historic center we can find many features of the colonial architecture typical of this type of city. Its traditional constructions stand out for their continuous portals, neoclassical columns and Creole tiles.

     Old town hall of Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

    In the center of the city, the José Martí Park is located, built in 1877 as Alfonso XII Square, with a roundabout in the center where the municipal symphony orchestra played on Sundays and in the 20th century, its name was changed to José Martí Park. In 1925, a bust of the distinguished Cuban patriot was placed in it. Today that sphinx marks the center of the park and receives numerous offerings from those who pay homage to the National Hero of Cuba.

    The municipality of Ciego de Ávila, head of the province of the same name, is located in the center of the Calcareous plain from Júcaro to Morón or The Path Plain.
    • Entity: Municipality.
    • Country: Cuba.
    • Province: Ciego de Avila.
    • Foundation: 1840.
    • Total area: 444 6 km².
    • Total population: 143,449 inhabitants.
    • Density: 322.6 inhabitants/km².
    • Name: Ciego de Avila citizens.

    Learn more about the Province: geographic location, soils, water resources, temperatures, forest resources and fauna.

    Geographic location

    It limits to the north and east (E) with the municipality of Ciro Redondo, to the south and east with the municipalities of Venezuela and Baraguá, and to the west (W) with the municipality of Majagua.

    Mathematical Position: 210.50 North latitude and 780.40 West longitude.
    Its surface extension is 444.6 km², representing 7.0% of the provincial area and occupying the 9th place for its extension in relation to the rest of the municipalities.


    In Ciego de Ávila (municipality), red clays constitute around 50% of the agricultural areas, dedicating them to important crops such as pineapple, citrus fruits, viands, vegetables and pastures. Classifying these soils, knowing them in their dissimilar characteristics is a necessity for their correct exploitation. A thorough and scientific study of them must be the starting point to obtain abundant and necessary harvests. The total areas of agricultural land in the municipality cover 41,172.8 hectares.

    Water resources

    In terms of water resources, the municipality of Ciego de Ávila is characterized by having few and small rivers and streams, many of them are intermittent, approximately in the central region of the municipality, following the higher altitude preserves from east to west, is the central water part by determining two basins, the north and the south. The main surface currents are Maniaderos, Los Negros, Las Coloradas, Menchaca, etc.

    Poverty is evident in terms of surface water, which is why it is necessary to use groundwater as a source of supply; the northern basin has a capacity of 148.8 million m³/year, and the southern basin has a capacity of 90 million m³/year. This water is found at a depth of 3 to 5 m in the north and more than 12 m in the south.


    In the historical period 1967 - 1988, it can be determined that the months with the lowest temperature for the municipality of Ciego de Ávila are January and February. Moreover, the highest is July, with an annual oscillation of 5º C to 6º C.

    The average monthly temperature of the air, presents during the year, have their values between 24 and 25 0 C. The average annual temperature has its maximum values between 30 and 31 degrees, being the warmest months July and August, with values somewhat higher than 33 degrees.

    The values of the minimum average in the months of January and February, with temperatures of 15 and 160 C. The difference in values of the monthly average temperature within the municipality each month is kept below or equal to 1.0 º C.

    Weather Situation

    The months in which the municipality can be most frequently affected by frontal systems are from September to June, the most active months are from November to March with 2 or more fronts on average per month, while in September, May and June the passage of a frontal system is very rare. Of all the fronts that reach western Cuba, only 73% affect the municipality, since some of them dissipate during their movement.

    The frontal systems move over the municipality with a movement from northwest to southeast, although some move from north to south. The frontal cloud bands have a general inclination from the northeast to the southwest and in their path; they produce abundant cloudiness with showers and rains. After the passage of the frontal system, the wind blows from the North to the Northeast somewhat strongly, the cloud cover decreases, the rains stop and temperatures drop, imposing winter conditions, temperatures sometimes become cold and very cold, especially during the early morning with lower values at 10ºC.

    Forest resources

    The forest heritage within the municipality covers a total area of 990.0, grouped into four lots according to their geographical distribution, of the total area 462.0, are covered with forests, of which there are 121.3 natural forests and the rest of 140.7 are artificial plantations created by man.

    The natural vegetation is characterized by being represented in less percent of the area than the plantations, it is made up of a group of reduced timber species such as soplillo, cedar, almácigo, majagua, caimitillo, antillean mahogany, also accompanied by liana bushes and some parasitic plants such as curujey.

    The plantations occupy the largest percent of the forest area represented by moderate species such as eucalyptus, Indian carob oak, male pine, and others that appear little represented.

    The area dedicated to reforestation constitutes 95% of the heritage area and the most important species are those already mentioned. The possibilities of expanding the forested areas of the municipality are very limited, since there are areas that despite not being covered are grazing areas, trails and streams that cannot be forested. Outside of the forest heritage, it naturally depends on the prospecting of the municipality's master plan.


    The fauna that characterizes the territory is made up of birds such as laureal pigeon, quail, ducks, tojosas, bunting, mockingbird, jew bird, Cuban crow, tyrannus, kestrels, seagulls, white herons and the well-known chinchilas. “El Azufre " area is considered a refuge for fauna and, in turn, declared a breeding area for the guinea fowl.